There are 8 species of Pangolin. 4 are found in Asia; the Chinese Pangolin, Philippine Pangolin, Sunda Pangolin and Indian Pangolin. The remaining 4 are found in Africa; the White-Bellied Pangolin, Giant Pangolin, Black-Bellied Pangolin and the Ground Pangolin (as illustrated by Amos).
All species are under threat. Their scales are a highly sought-after commodity in Chinese traditional medicine – they’re dried and ground up into a powder to cure anything from asthma to cancer.
Just like rhino horn there is no medicinal value as they’re made of keratin; the same stuff as our hair and nails. In January 2019 9 tons of Pangolin scales were seized in 1 shipment in Hong Kong. Due the proximity of Asian species to those who exploit them for this purpose the 4 Asian species are considered most at risk.
However, as they’ve been the primary target for poachers and traffickers their numbers have reduced to the extent that the African species are now being targeted.
The meat of the Pangolin is also widely received in Asia and some countries considered a delicacy. So much so that in February 2019 33 tons of Pangolin meat was discovered in Malaysia. The same article also reports that approximately 90,000 Pangolins were smuggled into China between 2007 and 2016.